What is an Ankle Sprain?
Ankle sprains occur when the ankle suddenly twists. It causes damage to the soft tissues and ligaments surrounding the ankle joint.
The ankle ligament stabilizes the ankle joint. A ligament consists of several strands of tissue all compacted together to form a strong structure. Sometimes, ankle sprains may cause a partial or complete tear of a ligament.
When an ankle sprain occurs, the patient may hear a pop or snap.
An ankle sprain is a common walking and sporting injury.
Symptoms of Ankle Sprains?
- Pop or snap sound at the time of injury
- Inability to walk or apply pressure to the ankle
Types of Ankle Sprains
- Grade 1: Mild tear or pull of ligament. Painful but can bear weight. These types of ankle sprains can usually be self-treated.
- Grade 2: Larger but incomplete tear of the ligament. Pain is severe and ankle won't support much weight.
- Grade 3: Complete tear of ligament or ligaments. Very painful. Can't touch or move ankle without pain. Treatment may require surgery.
What causes Ankle Sprains?
Most ankle sprains are caused by a sudden twist of the ankle. The sudden twist may be caused by:
- Sports activity (running, jumping, soccer)
- Abnormal walking condition
How are Ankle Sprains treated?
If you believe you have sprained your ankle, apply ice or an ice pack on it immediately. The ice will help decrease the swelling. Next, visit your foot specialist so he can make arrangements to have an x-ray taken to make sure that it is not broken. Ultra-sound and other therapeutic treatments along with strapping and braces can be used.
You should also follow the R.I.C.E. theory. To follow R.I.C.E, Rest, Ice, Compress and Elevate the wounded area.
In severe cases, surgery may be needed to repair the tendons supporting the ankle.
It usually takes about 3 to 7 weeks to fully recover. It may take a few months for swelling to completely go away.
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